As soon as you bring a new dog home, you might want to start a canine training course to make sure he will behave in the right way as you wish. However, before that, you should leave your puppy or dog few days to adapt itself to the new environment. The first few days will be the time when your family’s new member starts to get accustomed to things, people and all the corners in the house. What you should only do at that time is to keep an eye on him with all your care and love. It is also worth noting that puppies need more time to adjust themselves to new home than matured dogs. When your new four-legged friend seems to be more and more familiar with your home, it is time to seek a suitable training category and method for him. But remember that Rome wasn’t built in a day. Therefore you should always start with basic dog training commands before teaching any further advanced ones.
It is not surprised that dogs are easily trained and capable of learning various commands and tricks very quickly. Such dogs like Poodles, German Shepherds, and Border Collies are among the smartest dogs. They are also highly suitable for a big family in which the dogs may encounter a number of tricks taught by the family members. However, before any fun tricks, you should teach your canine a few basic commands first. This is a list of 7 fundamental commands according to specific age of the canine.
- Leave it. (3 months old).
In this period, all the senses in puppies have been rapidly developing so they spend lots of time discovering the world around them by sniffing and licking things, especially during walks. This sometimes may consume your time when you certainly don’t have all day to wait for them to do that. Therefore, in this situation, “leave it” command is very helpful to force them to move on. Once the pups learn this, you won’t have to tug on the leash or wrestle them away from their current preoccupation.
- Quiet. (3 months old).
Excessive barking will certainly annoy you even when your dog barks at a very low pitch. In order to deal with that problem, say firmly “quiet” to draw your dog’s attention so he will probably stop barking at once.
- Sit. (9 weeks old).
All dogs love going outside for a walk regardless of age. Of course you might want to take control over the pooch by putting its leash on when being outdoor. However, it never always easy to have the leash on because your dog can sometimes get over excited and keep jumping around. Thus, try to teach your pet “sit” command to calm him down so you can do it easier. Moreover, if you take the dog to public places, the command will help you to prevent it from running away.
The perfect time for your dog to learn “sit” command is after he has learnt to “heel” as you want. Besides, to teach this command efficiently, it is important to bare in mind that verbals signals with specific gestures will make your dog learn faster. Train your dog to sit by your left side, call out his name and order him to sit down. Do this over and over to him until he learns that whenever you stop on your left foot and give the command, he should sit right away, but when you step forward with your right foot, he should not. If he starts to move when your right foot goes, use the “stay” command and teach him again.
- Drop it. (10 weeks old)
The command “drop it” should be taught as soon as possible for dogs, especially for puppies because they are discovering the world by chewing anything they can find. Thus, perhaps not to wait for your dog to be at 10 weeks old, teach him to drop things at his early age so that you can prevent him from damaging things in the house.
- Come. (10 weeks old).
Some dogs find it easy to understand what to do when their owners say “come”, but some do not and seem to misbehave. In that case, getting your dog learn the command is crucial to keep him safe from danger or to save your time when you are in hurry. In addition, the command is among the easiest to teach so don’t worry about it. First, you should prepare some treats and then put it on the floor in front of you. Next, point at the treat, call for your dog and say “come”. If your dog starts to get accustomed to the training, you no longer have to point at the treat. Remember to always pay him a compliment like “Good dog!” when the dog reaches you. With the tasty treats and your encouragement, he will soon learn the command.
- Down. (11 weeks old).
In order to keep your canine friend from a potentially dangerous situation, it is necessary to use “down” command. This is also helpful if you want the dog to stop jumping around. Notice that the command can be started with “sit” command. At first, stand by your dog’s right side with him in sitting position. Next, call his name and say “down”. Right then, put your left hand above the dog’s head and with a treat in your right hand, slowly lower the left hand towards the floor and closely to the dog’s head. As soon as he approaches the floor, praise him and give him the treat. Repeat the procedure until until he has nailed it and responds to it immediately
- Off. (I I weeks old).
Dogs at all ages are fond of greeting or showing their love to people, even strangers, by jumping on. However, the act may leave claw marks on people’s clothes or probably knock over and hurt small children. This is definitely a nuisance sometimes! Thus, the “off” command can be a quick solution to prevent any undesired jumping of the dog.
You should consider teaching the “sit” command first, especially when you do not have time and patience to instruct your canine friend three commands “sit”, “down” and “off”. The reason is that once you order him to sit down, he won’t have a chance to jump on anyone or pacing up and down. Therefore, telling your pet to “sit” seem to kill “three” birds with one stone rather than ordering him to “down” or “off” separately.
- Due to the fact that all dogs have different learning ability, the time that a dog can understand all what you say can be varied in length. Thus, remember to be always patient by teaching him step by step. For example, when you want to instruct “sit” command, only expect him to be in sitting position for about 3 seconds at first, and set higher target in next times until you are satisfied. Moreover, a systematic training course will also contribute to better performance of your dog.
- Never expect too much from your dog if he can not keep up with the training, especially when you teach him new skill or tricks. In that case, In that case, just try to refresh your dog’s memory by making the steps easier and by going slower. Always go back to the step that is the source of the problem and repeat it until you are sure that you can go to the next level.
- It is essential to be aware that the attention span in dogs is not very long. Therefore, an everyday short-time training will be appropriate for your pooch. An average training session should be about 15 minutes, more or less. Besides, for more interesting training sessions, try doing 4 to 14 repetitions of one skill and then switch to the others.
- Keep in mind that we’re trying to communicate with dogs by human language, not dogs’. The language is way too complicated for dogs to understand, especially when our language system allows synonyms and many ways of saying to refer to only one thing. Therefore, make sure to use only one word or phrase for a thing so the dog won’t get confused.
- After a success training, reward your dog with something. You should consider a proper one depending on the circumstances. For example, if the dog has just eaten its meal, then he may not be interested in receiving treats, but patting or free time to roam would be a perfect reward for him.
- During the training process, try to expose your four-legged friend to different environments as many as possible. This means to teach your dog to obey no matter you and the dog are at home, park or in your friend’s house. Thus, you don’t have to worry about the dog’s obedience when you are in unfamiliar places.
In brief, a dog with good obedience will be safe for not only himself but also you and other people. For instance, if he is going to be hit by a car, your commands to stop will safe his life. Or if he encounters a postman, he will know whether he can jump on this man to greet or not by listening to his owner’s command. Therefore, you play a key role in teaching your canine friend how to behave well because you are not only his best friend, but also his pack leader. Start to teach all basic dog training commands for your be-loved pooch from today!